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Тазовая хирургия и онкология

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Неоадъювантная химиотерапия при раке ободочной кишки

https://doi.org/10.17650/2686-9594-2022-12-2-46-54

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Аннотация

Обнадеживающие результаты неоадъювантной терапии определили изменение стандартов лечения большого числа нозологий в онкологии (тройной негативный и HER-положительный подтипы рака молочной железы, рак желудка, прямой кишки и т. д.). Проведение предоперационного лечения приводит к снижению стадии болезни, что должно уменьшать объем хирургического вмешательства; улучшает прогноз течения заболевания, уменьшая число жизнеспособных опухолевых клеток и микрометастазов в регионарных лимфатических узлах; увеличивает долю больных, которые получают системное лечение, что зачастую приводит и к улучшению общей выживаемости пациентов; позволяет оценивать чувствительность опухоли к проводимому лечению, что также открывает возможности изучения чувствительности опухоли к новым фармакологическим агентам. При этом рак ободочной кишки находится в стороне от общих тенденций. Целью данного обзора литературы являются изучение результатов исследований, посвященных неоадъювантному лечению при резектабельных стадиях рака ободочной кишки, и попытка найти место предоперационной терапии при данной патологии.

Об авторах

М. Ю. Федянин
ФГБУ «Национальный медицинский исследовательский центр онкологии им. Н. Н. Блохина» Минздрава России
Россия

Михаил Юрьевич Федянин

115478 Москва, Каширское шоссе, 24



А. А. Трякин
ФГБУ «Национальный медицинский исследовательский центр онкологии им. Н. Н. Блохина» Минздрава России
Россия

115478 Москва, Каширское шоссе, 24



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Рецензия

Для цитирования:


Федянин М.Ю., Трякин А.А. Неоадъювантная химиотерапия при раке ободочной кишки. Тазовая хирургия и онкология. 2022;12(2):46-54. https://doi.org/10.17650/2686-9594-2022-12-2-46-54

For citation:


Fedyanin M.Yu., Tryakin A.A. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy for colon cancer. Pelvic Surgery and Oncology. 2022;12(2):46-54. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17650/2686-9594-2022-12-2-46-54

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